winter barley straw (#1094)

Materialwinter barley straw
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ straw (stalk/cob/ear) ▸ barley ▸ barley
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [200] biomassa uit land- en tuinbouw ▸ [220] stro ▸ [222] gerstestro
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Remarksash average of five samples, other data average of three samples
LiteratureB. Sander: Fuel data for Danish biofuels and improvement of the quality of straw and whole crops. Biomass for energy and environment. Proc. 9th Eur. bioenergy conf. (Eds. P.Chartier et al.), pp.490-495, Pergamon (1996). + Biomass&Bioenergy 12(1997)177-183


Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% (ar)
Ash content wt% 4.20

Ultimate Analysis

Total (with halides) wt% 4.61 0.43 Calculated

Chemical Analyses


Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 4 100.0 4 279.7 Measured

Major elements

Potassium (K) mg/kg (dry) 11 900.0 Measured
Calcium (Ca) mg/kg (dry) 4 300.0 Measured
Silicon (Si) mg/kg (dry) 2 900.0 Measured

Biochemical composition

Cellulose wt% (dry) 46.00 Measured
Hemicellulose wt% (dry) 23.00 Measured
Lignin wt% (dry) 15.00 Average
Total ash + biochemical wt% (dry) 88.20 Calculated